The medieval period, or the early Middle Ages in Europe and North Africa, was a time of great change. The era of Charlemagne, the Crusades, and the Hundred Years War saw Europe and much of Asia fall under the control of one new power—the Islamic world. This transformation had an unforeseen impact on European culture: the spread of literacy around the world. Literacy allowed people to read and write without having to rely on their parents for information or guidance. Instead, they could learn about things for themselves by reading books and experiencing them for themselves. This practice eventually gave way to widespread use of technology—particularly writing—which has continued to increase especially in the past two centuries. However, not all websites have been created with this new digital age in mind. Many sites from earlier periods have become extremely popular due to their content or theme, which is why we’ve picked out some of the oldest websites that still remain active today.
The Middle Ages
In the middle of the 12th century, the Muslim conquests in Southern Syria and the north Africa c. 1098AD saw the rise of a new power in the region—the Arabian and South Asian kingdoms known collectively as the Arab world. With the rise of the Arab empire, one of the major themes running through the medieval European and Asian culture was the struggle between Christianity and Islam. The Crusades, as they were known at the time, were a series of offensives launched by the Catholic Church against the expanding Muslim empire. Christians defeated the Muslim Arabs in Syria, Lebanon, and Northern Africa, but they could not drive their religion’s overwhelming number of followers from the regions they inhabited. The Muslim Conquest of theanderrews the Muslim world as a major event in history. The Middle Ages saw the rise of new cultures and ideas, as well as a transformation of European and Asian thought.
In the 15th century, begins a great cultural, artistic, and political expansion across Europe and the Middle East. The Renaissance is a period in Europe’s history that saw a booming growth of genius and new ideas, as well as a transformation of cultural values and practices. During this time, Florence, Venice, and Barcelona became major centres of innovation and culture, respectively. France, too, experienced a period of rapid development, as Paris became the primary cultural and political centre of Europe. The term Renaissance can refer to a variety of periods, but it is usually associated with the age of Renaissance literature, art, and philosophy.
After the fall of the Western Empire in the 15th century, states and nations in the eastern part of the Roman world, including Russia, China, and Persia, followed the example of the Catholic Church and desperately sought refuge from his rule in the spiritual and freshersweb.com religious darkness of the campanile. The Council of Trent issued a set of religious rules that provided a safe, stable framework for the transition from an barbarous age to an era of learning and religion. The Council of Trent issued these rules in Italy, and they would become known as the Red Books of the Church.In 16th-century France, the Cameralism movement, a syncretic movement led by René d’Arblôme, became the most important intellectual and cultural movement in Europe. It was followed by other movements such as the Humanist movement and the French Modernist period.
The High Renaissance
In 1551, five years after the Council of Trent, the High Renaissance (or Hinterlasserereich) began in Italy. The High Renaissance was characterized by a search for new forms of art, music, and learning, as well as a shift in the perception of time. People began to realize that the modern age was a transition period, rather than the culmination of past millennia. This knowledge sparked a new generation of writers and artists, and it also led to the development of new printing technologies. Most notably, Johannes Gutenberg began printing books on a large scale, which greatly increased the popularity of literature throughout Europe. Gutenberg also created new techniques for editing texts and publishing books, including theadas and facsimiles.
The Early Modern Period
In the 1580s, the Age of Enlightenment and the Age of Revolution sparked a period of international cultural, political, and religious change. The French Revolution was sparked by the ideas of Voltaire and Rousseau, as well as by various anti-authoritarian and anti-elitist movements. The Age of Revolution saw the rise of testy France and other conservative European powers, as well as of powerful international entities such as Britain, France, and Spain. The influences of the older Greek and Latin sources that were used in Europe were also very much there, particularly in the works of Voltaire and Scholasticism. British philosopher Jeremy Black and his contemporaries were deeply influenced by the ideas of Michel de Montaigne, as were scientists and artists such as Raphaelle Pupo and Leonardo Da Vinci.
The Middle Ages were a time of great change. The period saw the rise of new cultures and ideas, as well as a transformation of European and Asian thought. This is what makes this period so unique, as it constitutes an early modern period and not a late medieval period. The Middle Ages is also the period where the written language became more widespread and means of communication spread farther and wider. Many websites from earlier periods remain very popular due to their content or theme, which is why we’ve selected some of the oldest websites that still remain active today.